tv PBS News Hour PBS October 18, 2019 6:00pm-7:00pm PDT
♪ >> good evening. ilthe newshour, a cease-fire between turkisand kurdish tentative hold and then come a flight risk. revelations that boeing employees knew of the 737 mars8 problems y before two fatal crashes. plus, the artistic achievements have been long overlooked. a new traving exhibit looks to change that. >> it looks really necessary in a non-native context because it had never been explored before and that was stunning because something that is so clear in native communities was not addressed in the [indiscernible]
>> when it comes to wireless, consumer cellular gives customers a choice. are youcustomer service team is on hand to help. to learn more, go to consumercellular.com. >> in with the ongoing support of these institutions -- and friends of the newshour. this program was made possible by the corpotion for public broadcasting from viewers like you. thank you. >> the battleground in northeast
in syria appears to be quite in tonight. a cease-fire between turkish forces and kurdish fighters is - timeying to take hold after getting off to a rocky start. meanwhile,s trump'cision to withdraw tro s from syria is bringing more bipartisan condemnation from capitol hill. mitch mcconnell wre an opinion article in the washington post: the decision a grave mistake. >> big plumes of smo after the cease-fire began. activists say turkish troops shelled kurdish forces, but largely subsided by midafternoon. in istanbul, the turkish president denied any fighting. >> i don't know where you receive information from, but ithe onet from my defense
minister, there are s. ongoing clas >> in washington, president trump also said the cease-fire was holding. >> there was sniper fire, mortar fiat that was elim quickly and they are back to the full policy. -- policy -- pause. >> the turks cast it as a complete victory that grts them a so-called 20 mile wid safe zone. erdogan insisted what happens next is up to the kurds and the uns. >> if thed states is able to keep the promises they gave us, the issue of a safe stone has been resolved, b if the promise is not cap, our operational resume from where it left o even in a more determined way.
>>ca chemil inspectors are saying that turkish officialsus white phosphorus, burning a number of children. >> this is not what we expected and in fact, it is not a cease-fire, it is a manipulation of the kurds. >> last night, president trump likened the offensive to ildren squabbling. >> sometimes you have to let them fight and then you pull them apart. >> but that fighting as led em trigger another humanitarian crisis in syr. someone hundred 66,000 -- 166,000 civilians have fled and been displaced in iraq.
'>> we 't trust turkey or the cease-fire agreement. methe m -- the bombardment is still going on. >> [no audio] he said the troops will not be helping to enforce the safe zone meanwhile, mike pompeo was in jerusalem meeting with benjamin netanyahu. he sought to reaffirm u.s. support even as president trump faust to reduce the troop presence in the middle east. ♪ >> good evening from newshourwe i'm stephanie with the latest headlines. president trump faced new concernst and discont over the issue that launched the impeachment inquiry. changing minds was a statement by the white house chief of
staff, mick mulvaney, admitting that the president did time military aid to ukraine to an investigation into the 2016 election. today,rancis rooney of florida said mulvaney cannot simply erase his initial comments. >> whatever might haveeen great and unclear, certainly the action related to getting some of the ukraine to do some of >> another prominent republican, mehn kasich says he is supporting impea. present trump says he will nominate a new secretary of energy. he is deputy to secretary rick perry who plans to leave by years d. he says hi departure is not related to the ukraine investigation, but the house
projected for documents today. boeing facing questions on when it knew about problems for the boeing 737 max 8 aircraf tebowing text -- test pilot in 2016 expressed issues with the control system. facing backlash for how itma handled ive power outage, executives were forced to answer to state regulators today. pgd cut power to more than 2 prevent fire from starting from potentially faulty equipment. they are being criticized for moving too slowly. they said it would be aorut a decade b the equipment is
upgraded. in eastern afghanistan, a bomb exploded during a mosque killing at least2orshipers. hospitals scramble tore the wounded including children and it underscored a you and report that afghan cilians are dying in record numbers will stop there wa the bombing. claim for in lebanonus, tds of protesters turned out for a second day, angry over a text -- tax hike in gener chaos. later, the policer fired yougas and water cannons. the prime minister is urging reform. >> i personally didry myself a hort time to give a clear r in final ansat will convince those dispersing their anger that all parties should stop overspending, reform and stop corruption. >> he said a deadline of 70 drivers for partners to agree.
people marched in spain today demanding independence for catalonia andor freedomail separatists. fast crowds marched peacefully for the most part, but later, right police clashed with protesters burning trash in the streets. back in the u.s., the supreme cot will hear arguments over expedited deportations, something the trump administration wants to increase. the case involves a sri lankan man denied asylum. meanwhile, 300 indian nationals deported from mexico arrived back in new delhi today. there were trying to get into the u.s. and mexico sent them back as part of a deal with the trump administration to curb migration. in chicago, public school teachers watch -- walked pket lines. with more than 26,000 teachers
on strike, union leaders reported somees progrin negotiations. lori lightfoot said there needs to be more. >> put a comprehensive officer --ffer on the table and we need to be at th table every single day, seven days a week at day until wea get a deal done. >> she says the school district has offered a 16% raise over the next five years and smallerd class sizes. >> still to come, security forces clash. new details on when boeing employees knew about their deadly flaw. a conversation with johnasich, who is saying president trump should be impeached. a busy week in political news and much more.
♪ >> the mexican state of samoa corrupted into violence thursday as police captured and then released the son of dr kingpin joaquin "el chapo" guzman. we explore what this says about the capabilities of the united states stop -- top ally. >> the dissent into chaos played out on social media. mexican forces the floyd -- deployed. he now runs the family business that is run by his father and
now in a u.s. prison. the cartel called in the calvary with music blaring, machine guns and rocket propelled grenades. ey deployed a 50 caliber shane doan -- machin gun and demand -- mayhem began. for more than four hours, mexican soldiers fought in the streets. the violence left vehicles burning and dead bodies in the middle of the city in the ddle of the day. for residents, it was abso.tely terrifyi they fled for theirives, d is woman carrbaby in her arms and on a nearby road, a father shielded his daughter. daddy, can we get up? no, he says.
on the run from meand u.s.ent authorities controlled the city and kept the peace and as residents searched for safety, the cartel took soldiers hostage and that is the government released the kingpin, having achieved nothing except for the death of a people. today, he defended the decision to retreat. >> the capture of one delinquent cannot be worth more. >> i think it was a big mistake. tactical, strategic, it contradicted his efforts to pacify the country p like a mexicitical analyst . she calls the operati a copy of his predecessors.
in 2006, the newly elected president declared war against the cartels. armed forces conducted heavy raids and publicized their spoils. the operations weakened ahe cartels, bo set them against each other. in 2014, 43 students went missing. every anniversary, demonstrators called to end the violenceiond the frustrhelped him get elected. he promised to be different. >> you cannot fight violence with violence, cannot put out fire with fire or put oul.people with e >> what happened yesterdayat shs he mexican state and his government in particular are failing at their miso pacify the country will stop you simply reproducing the failed
strategy of his predecessors which was to go afterrug kingpin's with the hope that it would dismantle cartels and all it produces is further violence. >> soldiers launched the rate with no arrest foreign and no plans for trainion and by to achieve their effective, or tells become stronger she argues. >> the more the ministrations proceeds with these ill-conceived attempts to seize away, it is sending the message to cartels that they cant basically do wey want. >> today, they saluted the caskets of slain officer's and lee's the numbers read for husbands and fathers who had been killed, but they were also angry. they shouted down the local government, saying he sent there --er gr, saying het senthem to the slaughterhouse. tbut today, joaquin is free and
the cartelun stillthe city just as it did yesterday. ♪ >> newly revealed messages from boeing pot show the company has known for several months now that there were concerns being raised by pilots about the 737 max 8 safety. it is leading to questions on whether they misled the federal aviation administration. >> the messages in question were sent by boeing pilot in 2016, more than two years before two fatal airline crashes involving that 737 max 8. crthose twhes killed 346 people. the system is at the heart of an ongoing investigation and when the system was still being certified,ot a boeing p
messaged a second pilot, saying the system was difficult to control and some of the messageu he wrote, at flying, but even this is egregious and real fundamental issues they are aware of. boeing has insisted there was no problems during the certification. but, the head isskg why the company had not told the government about these messages months ago. at the timicof this certion process, what role were these pilots supposed to be playing? >> convinced the faa that the system is safe under a variety of situations and during this, they uncovered moreem pro than the system was aware. the system was designed to
address p aentially new plane with bigger engines and would tend to push its nose to the ground. boeing has said the system would operate in the background and the pilot did not need to know about it and what these messages show is that internally, there re more concerns. >> do we have any idea how thiso ersation went from here? >> we don't know. the justice department, at,in ector general, there are a lot of reviews looking at this very question. we know a lot of concerns raised about how the faa delegates much of the responsibility for certifying new planes and as a result, congress saying we need to take a look atwh thie process. should boeing be responsible for
certifying the plane that the faa is responsible for? [no audio] >> boeing turned theseum dts and there's some concern about other reasons why the faa's role investigated, was that ang legitimate reason? the faa said we need those documents, we are trying to review and ensure when this plan goes back in the service, we needo see everything, so the question is are there more documents, other shoes to drop? >> the real heart is about what they do about the mcas system. >> absolutely. this issue is abt a system misfire because it got conflicting data from sensors outside the airplane and they
had additional safeguards like ne one the faa is demanding could have prevcrted those two hes. t >> the faa says it will t the grounding until they determined that they are safe to fly. do these earlier concerns complicate the proce? >> it is certainly more bad news. southwest airlines has delay their flights at least until february and other airlines until january and i talked to the chairman of the house committee. these do suggest that they need to make sure boeing is being completely upfront and every deadline so far has been missed. the plane was supposed to be back in the air a long time ago. we a still waiting for a firstication flight it is certainly not good news and also, the public has to be
confident andhat is the bigger issue, will people go backnce the faa gives the ok? >> meanwhile, a boeing etecutive will bifying on capitol hill. what are some of the key estions you think need to be answered? ?>> first, he lost his title of ochairmy one week ago day. he will be asked a lot of questions. how come no one at boeing has been fired. the key question, did boeing make mistakes? areventable tragedy, what exactly did boeing know? todid regu know enough and the whole system of how planes are certified need to be changed? >> these are some of theed messages uncov do you expect there to be more? >> another 10 pages ofmails
involving the same pilot, that sheds a lile mor light. i think between th the eye -- fbi and aig, or will come out in terms of what boeing new internally -- knew internally. ing here. for ♪ >> o formero governor john kasich served in public office or over three decades, but in his new book, he calls on the american people to pay less attention to the president and the dramas in washington. instea he urges individual americans to vocus on the ility each one has to move their community and the country forward.
welcome back. i want to ask you about the book, but first the news of the day. view that president trump should be impeachedof by the hous representatives. why? >> i thought there should have -- impeachment inquiry impeachment inquiry from the very beginning. i think they should have a full vote will stop it gives a credibility and i think that is important. what was hanging me up about the call that the presidentade to ukraine is was there a quid pro quo? there is so much going on between them. when mobile heab said it is lutely true that we withheld aid until they agreed to go back
and do an investigation, withholding aid fr a country like ukraine, has troops on the land, there is no excuse for that. mulvaney said then and he said again today, there is political influence in american cyforeign-po, get over it. s fact, the trump campaign is selling t-shith get over it. >> it is one thing to pull a -- aid over public policy but another thing for nation fighting literally for survival based on politics. we don't want any president to do that andd it is a really day for me. i don't want to have to do this, but when i look atve it and i
responsibility to respond to questions, i felt this was the right thing to do. i have for good about what i said, but i'm saddened at the time. >> as you know, he said i am unconventional i do things in a different way. why is he allowed to do things in a way that we have never seen? >> there's an appropriate way that a preside should conduct themselves in office. everyone is held accountable and if the president said i'm not goinnyto giveoney to ukraine because i think there's too much corruption, that would be ok, but to say i willwi hold this aid until you do what i want you to do politically and no matter how hard they try, they cannot take those words back. >' so yore saying if you were in the house today, you would vote for impeachment, which is
equivalent to an iictment. what about convicting him? >> i would like to see what the articles of impeachment are and at the same time, i think it is important for the democrats to try to bring republicans along. trepublicans haask themselves, is it right r any president to dangle for gnade -- dangle foreign aid to investigate your political rival or some political manipulation, i think the answer is no. we have to have guardrails in which presidents and leaders operate. >> are you ready to say he should be removed? w>>t the impeachment to move forward and i think that indicates there's enough there to be able to do that, but that is the job of the senate. >> there are so few republicans,
in fact virtually none, who would agree with you now. why so few? >> it is tribal. wereoing to protect our guy. i wish this would go away. they areot even saying the phone call was wrong and they won't say they won't have an impeachment inquiry, but when the vast majority of americans are saying it is necessary, we need to get to the bottom of it. tomorrow is the other day -- and other y. i'm not going to beat up aone else io having the opinion i have. this is not the area of government i like to focus on -- scandal and impeachment, but we all have our responsibilitiesve even when we o get out of our comfort zone.
>> your book is about not focusing on washington. you say the american people have the ability and the obligation to themselves to make the country better. ta>> we all have c gifts. you have them, the people watching have them. we are expected to be healers in the world, not providers. other people's shoes and takehe care of we live. a does not mean that sometimes they don't result in global things like the 16-year-old who cread a movement or the young people in parkland, florida who pushed guno controlhe through florida legislature, but there's also stories about other people. esone girl ln illinois and when hurricane florence was mi, she said they are not going to like me.
she and her brother went around the neighborhood and when they collected supplies, they filled supplies. >> what do you say to the people who voted for donald trump in 2016? there are 60 million something. many said they did not like what was going on in washington and thought he would bring the change. >> they have to lookn the mirror and ask themselves did he bring the change that he promised? are there more steel mills, cars ling created and how i f about the rhetoric? whole business of bullying, to some degree i have people who said bullying people has become more acceptable. i don't like this. i don't like to have to say these thinid about our prt, but when i looked at
the scale of policies and behavior that divides us,g someths to be done about it. i am for impeachment for what i think is the quid pro quo and putting other nations at risk. >> john kasich, former governor of ohio, the book it is up to us. >> it is for the young, middle-aged and our seniors. >> thank you. >> thank you. >> stay with us. coming up, a new exhibit puts sp overdulight on the artistic achievements of native american women and a national go milestone. the first all woman spacewalk. now, to the analysis of shields and brooks. that is mark shields and david brooks.
let's pick up with my conversation with john kasich. he said after hearing and following what has happened the last few days that prident trump suld be impeached. do you s given all the events, the testimony before congress, what mick mulvaney said yesterday, that this argument for impeachment is getting stronger? >>es, it certainly is. i say maybe two or three dozen republicans in the house willme vote for impea. you can feel it will stop just put yourselves in the shoes for trying to be defender. you wake up on an hourly basis or daily basis and you are hit with another thunderbolt.
what is it? it is foreign policy, mick mulvaney, condescending, antagonistic, stupid. you understand why he has never had a press conference before. you cannot defend the president. republicans are attacking democrats and there is no defense. i thinkou can feel support shrinking. >> how do you assess that? >> if your defense is there was no quid pro quo, it is pretty hard. we learned on the transcript and now we have testimony, the deputy of ukraine that basically it was trump doing this, bypassing the normalpparatus
and a whole series of witnesses that have attested to that. if that was your defense, it is hard to not vote for impeachment i suspect that is where the senate republicans will go. john kasich is the number one trump critic from the repun ican party, joney is here, so far there have not been many others. >> what is the argument that republicans e hanging on? hanging their belief to? you have auded that this is not an impeachable offense. it is the president saying i am nonconventional. we are also -- always asking for >> right now, it is a position inearch of an argument.
they have got to find some rationalizationha andis what countries do all the time and the president was defending interests and that is an argument that makes a compelng. >> if david is righteseven if it pan the house, go to the senate and there is not the vote in the senate -- in the senate -- votes in the senate. >> this is moving at a velocity that i don't think many of us the cave, the kabul deletion -- capitulation. we saw the demonstration of the national interests this week and there's no way anyone could look confidence iave
this man. you're talking about syria, the abandonment. just think if you were south koreau today. on one side, you have china, a menacing force not far off. and you have north korea, a certified madman and the good word and the trust and the honor of the united states of america wandsaw that actually -- trashed and abandoned this week by the president. this decision that came out of the blue, people did not know aboutt. the administration said it was not a green light, but the turks have ge in and day have en given permission by the u.s. to control that so-called safe zone. >> a bad decision was made and
the results came right away and it was a total win f everyone -- president eogan and the turks. the russians get to walk into the region, the iranians have proxy i think what is shockg is not only thee incompete and the letter written by trump could have been written by about the deaths and the remorse cleansing. i think this, combined with impeachment iwhat shakes people. it is a sign and i think aot
of republicans think kelly was therefore little while, matus was therefore little while and ouis guy is spinning wildl >> we just reported tonight that mitch mcconnell has written an opinion post saying it was a grave mistake. not everyday that mitch mcconnell separates himself like this. >> i think it is quite serious. republicans i talked to our nervous these elections are basically 10 days away and
they're concerned that they lose again in louisiana. those are red states, purple states that th are losing. are going to go in 2020 having sustainedd enormous losses in states in november and watching this happen, the turks easiest negotiatio had ande everyone -- president erdogan took the letter and put it in i don't know how you defend, explained in saint let'e s get four mars of this. >> once again, it looks as if democrats are being overshadowed, but they did have a debate this week, all 12 on the stage. what is the shape of that race?
>> this is why republicans hang with trump. i think we are writing off bitingoo fast. the media is saying elizabeth warren is the front runner. she has to have an answer for how she will pay for health care. there was a report saying that itou cost $32 trillion. taxes would go uby 50%. you have to find a way to pay for tt and if you don't have a way to p for that, pete buttigieg and others hoe a easy lane go throgh. >>ra how vule is she on this? >> i thinkhe is, keep the big boys on its theme.
she stands in contrast. bernieay sanders it will cost more and i will tell you that. she is a co-front runner by the fact that everyone went after her. there was a fear she would run awayith the race and whether it was buttigieg or klobuchar, salsa gabbard -- toll see gabbard -- they all try to bring -her back to earth. i think it is quite serious and i think it is central that if e thinks she will get away with that, that willot be the se. as far as joe biden is concerned
, i don't think he has had a really good debate and he him us had an advantage thashe became the lighting rod and i think other democrats went a little bit easier on him. riit was absolutely inappre and wrong for the vice president involved in t company he had no knowledge of simply because his father was vice president. >> what about bernie sanders? he did have a health a issue came back. he looked pretty vigorousst ding there. he still in this? >> he has a core of support. whether it can grow, it seems like the interest and energy is on the warm inside. usually in the last few months, you see a lot of ups and downs.
i wonder if people are paying search -- such close attention that things are more baked in. so far, we have alwa seen gradual rises and falls. the i will polls, pete buttigieg is doing well. the two leaders are around 22% and he is around 17%. >> he is definitely a threat go after the bite them both -- biden vote. i thought there were to miss moments. when joe biden raise the point to get the [indiscernible] he says thank you joe, thank you present obama. it look like a spoiled the fight .
it was like he had a line he was going to deliver. amy klobuchar was the most humorous naturally in the debate which meame something t >> i want to raise the passing of elijah cmings, someone who served a long time. had been in the civil rights and we just learn tonight that speaker pelosi will have his remains lined at the state capital. >> a truly remarkable man. ajust a quiidote about elijah cummings. fierce conservative, theypent time together and he found out they had grown up in the same area of south carolina and he
said w did leave question mark supply children and myself to get an education in the tears.sation with them both that is not happen in washington . you have cartoon characters and sneer at them. he will be just. he was truly the north star. >> when freddie gray diet, he was very impassioned and when the righ started, he went out there with a bullhorn. strong, but also respected. >> thank you. ♪ >> and now, they look at an art
ow that is both making history native women artists is the first ever exhibn devoted solely to native american women. jeffrey brown travel to minnesota and mexico to meet with some of the team behind the retrospective. it is part of our ongoing series canvas. >> meet ro simpson. soldering metal pieces and sculptes in her garage and spending time under the hood of a 64 buickiviera, she lives and works under the santa clara pueblo outside of new mexico. her mother is a suprecist, as was her mother, a tradition through time.
>> i come through a long line of artists and creative people. >> not talking about 10 or 20 ars, i'm talking about hundreds. since his work is a co oemporary ta her ancestors. now, she is part of a groundbreakingn, expeditio the first of its kind dedicated to more than 1000 years of artistic achievements by native american women. toputher by the minneapolis institute of art, the expedition is called hearts of our people. >> thiss expedition ally necessary in a non-native context because it had never been explored before and that was stunning because something that is so clear in native communities was not all addressed in the art world. >> the display works of art for
more than 50 native american communities across north america . there is also contemporary photography video and inallation pieces, a 2007 atece, tackling the issue of violence againste people, particularly women. whenever possible, the creators of the works a named. rather than generic craft ople, they want us to see individual creative people >> i think the development of collecting native american art and stories that had previously been told are ones that position native women as non-artists. >>s contemporary artiste
shown alongside their ancestors while remaining connected to generations past. one examplests the towering f of blankets, displayed next to a traditional navajo chief blanket from the 1880's. dan now -- and then, there is rose simpson's piece, a restored el camino she named maria. the celebrated black on black pottery style immolated in the cars page -- emulated in the cars paint job. >> to use, to drive, plus she like her other creations.just >> it is a super contemporary
vessel. this is why there is no disconnect. >> this is w -- fewhat does ave to do with art? the point is we have ripped a away from our life and so the more i could apply t creative process to every part of my life, the stronger i felt as a peon. >> givenhe size and scope, they knew they cannot put together a loan and assembled an visory board of scholars, historians -- tive and non-native. >> it is a truly indigenous art form. >> this exhibit covers 1000 years, but still it was so hard to pick the pieces that are going to gon the shelf because
there were so many. >> she says the recognition of native american women artists is long overdue. >> it has been supported by women for generations in the way that we understand american art history and it is not a truthful and honest way to understand the history and artistic history. rose simpson also served on the museum's advisory board and for her being on the show is an opportunity for opening doors for other native american artists. the first steps are to infiltrate and then pull it back i was handed the baton and would
have to go further and really respect it and be responsible with it. >> and, she is choosing to remain in her rural home. >> finally tonight, a milestone moment. two american astronauts, both women stepped out of the international space station for the first all the mouse race walk. more on this landmark day. >> the moment she began to exit the international space station, floating out into space 250 miles from planet earth.
>> right beneath your feet, so don't move down. >> men have been on every single spacewalks until today. their mission was installing lithium-n batteries to replace the stations battery charger. >> what would you like to tell everyone listeni and watching today? >> it is a stored achievement and want to did credit tthall of thos came before us. there have been a long line of female scientists -- enough and we have followed in the footsteps. >> today's milestone comes months after the first all-female spacewalk had been planned, but tho graphic when sa revealed it did not have the second spacesuit that would om. a >> am not mad. they can make a special t spacesr a dog or a monkey,
but a human girl, only one get to the moon queen. what's the first won to get to walk outsi was a russian. this was her first spacewalk and she is the 15th woman to do so. >> what we are doingeow shows all work that went in for decades prior to get us where we were today and the nice thing is we don't really even think about it. we're just part of the team. >> for cook, she is schedud to spend 320 eight days aboard the space station, the longest ever. >> in the past, women have not always been at the table and it is wonderful at a time when everyone has a role. ol>>'s she was selected as partf
>> tonight on kqed newsroom, ti12 democratic presidal candidate faced off this week, we will look at the state of the race amid the growing impeachment inquiry pick >> also we will hear from arbay congressmen, rowe, who serves on one of the committees investigating president trump. plus survivors of some of northern california's most destructive wildfirensare up aga key deadline to file claims against pg&e. good evening d welcome to kqed newsroom. i am lily. we begin tonight with the democratic presidential debate and impeachment investigation. this week, house democrats pressed ahead with their impeachment inquiry, against prident trump. they interviewed several key e witnesses about president's efforts to persuade ukraine's leader